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3D Attentional Maps: Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments

Sophie Stellmach, Lennart E. Nacke, and Raimund Dachselt. 2010. 3D Attentional Maps: Aggregated Gaze Visualizations in Three-Dimensional Virtual Environments. In Proceedings of AVI 2010. Rome, Italy. ACM, 345-348. doi:10.1145/1842993.1843058

Abstract

Gaze visualizations hold the potential to facilitate usability studies of interactive systems. However, visual gaze analysis in three- dimensional virtual environments still lacks methods and techniques for aggregating attentional representations. We propose three novel gaze visualizations for the application in such environments: projected, object-based, and surface-based attentional maps. These techniques provide an overview of how visual attention is distributed across a scene, among different models, and across a model's surface. Two user studies conducted among eye tracking and visualization experts approve the high value of these techniques for the fast evaluation of eye tracking studies in virtual environments.