Publications: Article

Year 2017


The maturing of gamification research

Lennart E. Nacke and Sebastian Deterding. 2017. The maturing of gamification research. In Computers in Human Behavior: 1-5. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.11.062

Year 2014


BrainHex: A Neurobiological Gamer Typology Survey

Lennart E. Nacke, Chris Bateman, and Regan L. Mandryk. 2014. BrainHex: A Neurobiological Gamer Typology Survey. In Entertainment Computing 5, 1: 55-62. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.entcom.2013.06.002

Year 2013


A Regression-Based Method for Lightweight Emotional State Detection in Interactive Environments

Pedro Nogueira, Rui Rodrigues, Eugénio Oliveira, and Lennart E. Nacke. 2013. A Regression-Based Method for Lightweight Emotional State Detection in Interactive Environments. In XVI Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence (EPIA) 2013. Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Contextual Influences on Mobile Player Experience--A Game User Experience Model

Stephan Engl and Lennart E. Nacke. 2013. Contextual Influences on Mobile Player Experience--A Game User Experience Model. In Entertainment Computing 4, 1: 83-91. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.entcom.2012.06.001

The Effect of Sound on Visual Fidelity Perception in Stereoscopic 3-D

David Rojas, Bill Kapralos, Andrew Hogue, Karen Collins, Lennart E. Nacke, Sayra Cristancho, Cristina Conati, and Adam Dubrowski. 2013. The Effect of Sound on Visual Fidelity Perception in Stereoscopic 3-D. In IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics 43, 6: 1572-1583. IEEE. doi:10.1109/TCYB.2013.2269712

Year 2012


Analysing Social Metrics in an Online Game Site

Gregor McEwan, Carl Gutwin, Regan L. Mandryk, and Lennart E. Nacke. 2012. Analysing Social Metrics in an Online Game Site. In Proceedings of GRAND 2012. Montréal, QC, Canada. .

Year 2011


Developing a Triangulation System for Digital Game Events, Observational Video, and Psychophysiological Data to Study Emotional Responses to a Virtual Character

J. Matias Kivikangas, Lennart E. Nacke, and Niklas Ravaja. 2011. Developing a Triangulation System for Digital Game Events, Observational Video, and Psychophysiological Data to Study Emotional Responses to a Virtual Character. In Entertainment Computing 2, 1: 11-16. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.entcom.2011.03.006

LAIF: A Logging and Interaction Framework for Gaze-Based Interfaces in Virtual Entertainment Environments

Lennart E. Nacke, Sophie Stellmach, Dennis Sasse, Joerg Niesenhaus, and Raimund Dachselt. 2011. LAIF: A Logging and Interaction Framework for Gaze-Based Interfaces in Virtual Entertainment Environments. In Entertainment Computing 2, 4: 265-273. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.entcom.2010.09.004

Towards a Framework of Player Experience Research

Lennart E. Nacke and Anders Drachen. 2011. Towards a Framework of Player Experience Research. In Proceedings of EPEX 2011. Bordeaux, France. .

Year 2010


BioS-Play: Workshop on Multiuser and Social Biosignal Adaptive Games and Playful Applications

Kai Kuikkaniemi, Marko Trupeinen, Hannu Korhonen, Niklas Ravaja, Guillaume Chanel, and Lennart E. Nacke. 2010. BioS-Play: Workshop on Multiuser and Social Biosignal Adaptive Games and Playful Applications. In Proceedings of a Workshop at Fun and Games 2010. Leuven, Belgium. ACM.

Bringing Digital Games to User Research and User Experience

Lennart E. Nacke, Joerg Niesenhaus, Stephan Engl, Alessandro Canossa, Kai Kuikkaniemi, and Thomas Immich. 2010. Bringing Digital Games to User Research and User Experience. In Proceedings of the Entertainment Interfaces Track 2010 at Interaktive Kulturen 2010. Duisburg, Germany. .

Critic-Proofing: Robust Validation Through Data-Mining

Ian Livingston, Lennart E. Nacke, and Regan L. Mandryk. 2010. Critic-Proofing: Robust Validation Through Data-Mining. In Proceedings of Fun and Games 2010: 81-94. Leuven, Belgium. .

Designing Affective Games with Physiological Input

Lennart E. Nacke and Regan L. Mandryk. 2010. Designing Affective Games with Physiological Input. In Proceedings of Fun and Games BiosPlay Workshop 2010. Leuven, Belgium. ACM.

Electroencephalographic Assessment of Player Experience: A Pilot Study in Affective Ludology

Lennart E. Nacke, Sophie Stellmach, and Craig A. Lindley. 2010. Electroencephalographic Assessment of Player Experience: A Pilot Study in Affective Ludology. In Simulation & Gaming 42, 5: 632-655. SAGE Publications. doi:10.1177/1046878110378140

Gameplay Experience Testing with Playability and Usability Surveys-An Experimental Pilot Study

Lennart E. Nacke, Jonas Schild, and Joerg Niesenhaus. 2010. Gameplay Experience Testing with Playability and Usability Surveys-An Experimental Pilot Study. In Proceedings of Playability and Player Experience Workshop at Fun and Games 2010: 31-45. Leuven, Belgium. ACM.

Methods for Evaluating Gameplay Experience in a Serious Gaming Context

Lennart E. Nacke, Anders Drachen, and Stefan Göbel. 2010. Methods for Evaluating Gameplay Experience in a Serious Gaming Context. In International Journal of Computer Science in Sport 9, 2. .

More Than a Feeling: Measurement of Sonic User Experience and Psychophysiology in a First-Person Shooter Game

Lennart E. Nacke, Mark Grimshaw, and Craig A. Lindley. 2010. More Than a Feeling: Measurement of Sonic User Experience and Psychophysiology in a First-Person Shooter Game. In Interacting with Computers 22, 5: 7. Interact Comput. doi:10.1016/j.intcom.2010.04.005

Playability and Player Experience of Casual Games

Licia Calvi, Stefano Gualeni, Koos Nuijten, Lennart E. Nacke, and Karolien Poels. 2010. Playability and Player Experience of Casual Games. In Proceedings of Fun and Games 2010. Leuven, Belgium. .

Year 2009


Affective Ludology, Flow and Immersion in a First-Person Shooter: Measurement of Player Experience

Lennart E. Nacke and Craig A. Lindley. 2009. Affective Ludology, Flow and Immersion in a First-Person Shooter: Measurement of Player Experience. In Loading...: The Journal of the Canadian Game Studies Association 3, 5. .

Brain Training for Silver Gamers: Effects of Age and Game Form on Effectiveness, Efficiency, Self-Assessment, and Gameplay Experience.

Lennart E. Nacke, A. Nacke., and Craig A. Lindley. 2009. Brain Training for Silver Gamers: Effects of Age and Game Form on Effectiveness, Efficiency, Self-Assessment, and Gameplay Experience.. In CyberPsychology & Behavior 12, 5: 493-499. NY, USA. Mary Ann Libert. doi:10.1089/cpb.2009.0013

Game Experience: Components and Methods of Measurement

Lennart E. Nacke. 2009. Game Experience: Components and Methods of Measurement. In Proceedings of FUGA 2009. Espoo, Finland. Helsinki Institute for Information Technology. Online: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A835762

Year 2017


Incentives and Gamification

Yannai A. Gonczarowski and Gustavo F. Tondello. 2017. Incentives and Gamification. In XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students 24, 1: 9-11. ACM. doi:10.1145/3123766

Games User Research and Gamification in Human-Computer Interaction

Lennart E. Nacke. 2017. Games User Research and Gamification in Human-Computer Interaction. In XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students 24, 1: 48-51. ACM. doi:10.1145/3123748

Gamified and Persuasive Systems as Behavior Change Agents for Health and Wellness

Dennis L. Kappen and Rita Orji. 2017. Gamified and Persuasive Systems as Behavior Change Agents for Health and Wellness. In XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students 24, 1: 52-55. ACM. doi:10.1145/3123750

The Impact of Health-Related User Interface Sounds on Player Experience

James Robb, Tom Garner, Karen Collins, and Lennart E. Nacke. 2017. The Impact of Health-Related User Interface Sounds on Player Experience. In Simulation & Gaming 48, 3: 402-427. SAGE. doi:10.1177/1046878116688236

Online-only friends, real-life friends or strangers? Differential associations with passion and social capital in video game play

Ryan Perry, Anders Drachen, Allison Kearney, Simone Kriglstein, Lennart E. Nacke, Rafet Sifa, Guenter Wallner, and Daniel Johnson. 2017. Online-only friends, real-life friends or strangers? Differential associations with passion and social capital in video game play. In Computers in Human Behavior. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.10.032